Good morning and welcome to the final version of Europe Categorical earlier than the summer season break.

Officers in Brussels and different capitals have already began peeling off for the vacations, however it is going to be a busy day in Frankfurt, the place the European Central Financial institution’s final governing council earlier than the summer season hiatus takes place. We thought it will be well timed to profile Jens Weidmann, the governor of Germany’s Bundesbank, and take a look at his considerably sudden transformation over the previous few years.

With one other batch of nationwide restoration plans because of be signed off by the bloc’s finance ministers on Monday by way of videoconference, we may also check out the scenario with Poland and Hungary’s bids for EU funding.

And with that, we hope you take pleasure in your summer season and we will likely be again in your inboxes on September 6. Bis dann!

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From Mr No to Mr Sure, however . . .

Jens Weidmann, the top of Germany’s central financial institution, was as soon as dismissed by Mario Draghi as Nein zu allem — German for “No to every little thing” — after he opposed most of the European Central Financial institution’s unconventional insurance policies over the previous decade, writes Martin Arnold in Frankfurt.

But below Draghi’s successor, Christine Lagarde, the Bundesbank boss has grow to be extra prone to say Ja, aber, or “Sure, however”, when debating the ECB’s plans to supply extra financial stimulus.

Weidmann’s newfound conciliatory strategy is underlined by the truth that he agreed together with the 24 different ECB governing council members to the brand new technique announced two weeks in the past, which shifted the Frankfurt-based establishment in a extra dovish route.

Having raised its inflation goal barely to 2 per cent, ditched a dedication to maintain value rises under that stage and accepted they’ll even briefly exceed it, the ECB is immediately set to embed these insurance policies into its steering on the long run path of its rates of interest and bond purchases.

The technique additionally implies that insurance policies beforehand thought-about unconventional and infrequently criticised by Weidmann, similar to damaging rates of interest and bond purchases, at the moment are firmly counted by the ECB as a part of its common toolbox.

In some ways, what Lagarde has dubbed the ECB’s new “foundational doc” marked a major break with the Bundesbank’s conservative, inflation-fighting doctrine that shaped the bedrock of the euro’s creation. The ECB even diluted the financial evaluation that was a pillar of Bundesbank orthodoxy by combining it with monetary stability evaluation.

As if this was not already tough sufficient to swallow for Weidmann, he has additionally needed to considerably shift his place on the query of how far the ECB ought to go to sort out local weather change — a subject Lagarde made a spotlight of the technique assessment. 

Two years in the past, Weidmann said he would view “very critically” any transfer to shift bond shopping for and collateral insurance policies in a greener route, warning that this is able to violate the “market neutrality” precept that the financial institution’s company asset purchases ought to mirror the general market.

Now, the ECB has launched a climate action plan that goals to overtake its company bond purchases and a collateral programme to deal with local weather dangers and search options to the precept of market neutrality.

Nevertheless, this doesn’t imply that Weidmann has gone comfortable. As a substitute, he’s transferring with the instances. His pink strains might have shifted, however they’re nonetheless there, as proven in his current “hawkish” speeches. 

He warned final month that “inflation isn’t useless” and in contrast it to the Galápagos big tortoise, which was wrongly classed as extinct for 100 years solely to reappear. Because the economic system rebounds from the pandemic, he’s prone to be much more vocal.

The Bundesbank boss also can say that he efficiently argued in opposition to requires the ECB to repeat the US Federal Reserve’s common inflation goal, an much more dovish stance than the one adopted by the eurozone central financial institution, and he resisted strain for it to promote all bonds issued by fossil gas firms.

The 53-year-old former financial adviser to Angela Merkel turned the youngest particular person ever to steer the Bundesbank in 2011. He’s on monitor to be its longest-serving president if he stays in workplace subsequent yr. (Read our full profile)

He’s already gearing up for his subsequent battle — to make sure the ECB’s €1.85tn pandemic emergency buy programme is wound down as quickly because the Covid disaster ends and to forestall a lot of its flexibility and efficiency from being merely transferred to future bond-buying.

Chart du jour: Semiconductor superpower?

Global wafer semiconductor production capacity

The EU has set the bold aim of doubling its share of the worldwide semiconductor market by 2030, and US chipmaker Intel is keen to be a part of that effort. However some within the trade are asking if the push is even value it given the large sums it’s going to price. Supporters argue it is vital for the bloc to stake its declare within the strategically essential trade dominated by Asian firms. (Read more here)

Polish-Hungarian limbo

Yesterday marked the primary anniversary of the summit deal struck by EU leaders to arrange a coronavirus restoration fund fuelled by frequent borrowing, writes Brussels bureau chief Sam Fleming.

It was a landmark joint response to the financial disaster that has gained reward not solely throughout the EU but in addition exterior it, including recently from Janet Yellen, the US Treasury secretary (although she added that the EU’s fiscal response wanted to be boosted additional).

In fact, leader-level agreements are one factor, and it’s fairly one other to show a summit communiqué into arduous regulation and enormous quantities of borrowing. However as EU ministers put together to vanish for his or her summer season breaks, we aren’t removed from the purpose the place billions of euros will begin pouring into member states’ financial institution accounts — or a minimum of a few of them.

Up to now, 25 restoration and resilience plans have been submitted to the European Fee for approval, together with these of all the most important member states — Germany, France, Italy and Spain. The one ones which have but to land are these of Bulgaria and the Netherlands, which have been hamstrung by prolonged authorities formation.

The plans of 12 member states have already received the green light from each the fee and the EU’s council of ministers, the latter step final week at a gathering of finance ministers. One other 4 must be signed off at a finance ministers’ assembly on Monday.

Meaning the money ought to begin flowing by the top of the month and thru August, because the pre-financing factor of the €800bn restoration package deal turns into obtainable. The fee has already raised €45bn for these early disbursements, which will likely be obtainable as soon as member states signal financing agreements and, the place applicable, mortgage agreements with the EU.

There are, nonetheless, numerous plans which have but to be endorsed by the fee. For many, it appears to be like to be a matter of time, however there are heavy clouds hanging over two particularly — these submitted by Poland and Hungary. As Paolo Gentiloni, economics commissioner, put it to the FT, in terms of the Warsaw and Budapest plans, “we aren’t but there, sadly”.

There isn’t a formal indication from Brussels of how quickly these plans will win the fee’s nod, however there may be an rising probability that neither will get the all-clear till after the summer season break given the problem of the negotiations.

As she unveiled the fee’s newest rule of regulation report on Tuesday, Vera Jourova, fee vice-president, stated she couldn’t predict how lengthy the talks would final with both capital. She warned the fee was being “very demanding” when it got here to the audit and management programs required of member states to make sure distributions of money will likely be “legally sound”.

On the similar time, Poland is engaged in a deepening stand-off with the fee over judicial independence, which has difficult the talks, as have disagreements over the environmental elements of its restoration plan.

Hungary’s discussions have additionally stalled, partly due to disagreements over rule of law-related commitments and anti-corruption measures. The scenario has been additional clouded by controversy over the nation’s invoice proscribing LGBTI+ discussions in faculties and the media.

There’s a large sum of money at stake for the 2 nations — nearly €24bn of grants within the case of Poland, and greater than €7bn for Hungary. The longer the primary funds are delayed, the extra painful the stand-off will grow to be for them.

What to look at

  1. The governing council of the European Central Financial institution meets immediately in Frankfurt

  2. EU finance ministers are set to approve one other batch of nationwide restoration plans on Monday

Notable, Quotable

  • No (re)negotiation: Brussels has snubbed an try by the UK to renegotiate the Northern Eire protocol. London has threatened to droop elements of the Brexit deal if the EU doesn’t conform to new buying and selling guidelines for Eire.

  • Pipe deal: The US and Germany have reportedly reached a deal over the Nord Stream 2 pipeline. Washington has dropped its opposition on the provisos that Berlin make investments in Ukraine’s renewables trade and Kyiv obtain annual transport charges from Russia that it will lose if Nord Stream 2 comes on-line.

  • Hungary referendum: Hungary’s prime minister Viktor Orban is taking his contentious anti-LGBTI+ laws, which has angered the EU, to a referendum. Residents will likely be requested 5 questions, similar to whether or not they assist holding sexual orientation workshops in faculties with out dad and mom’ consent.

Good (summer season) reads

  • The Brexit stats hole: Ask officers in Brussels and London how commerce has modified and you could get two very completely different solutions. John Springford on the Centre for European Reform breaks down why there may be such a distinction in post-Brexit import and export information.

  • The place to position Turkey: Turkish plans to settle ghost towns on the island of Cyprus was rapidly met with a refrain of condemnation by the EU. However based on a paper by the Heinrich Böll Basis, it’s as much as Washington and Brussels to higher co-ordinate coverage to advertise democracy within the nation and keep away from a extra fractious relationship with Ankara.

  • Good hear: The FT’s TechTonic podcast is again with a second season that explores using synthetic intelligence in healthcare, buying and selling and extra. Episodes drop on Mondays.

We could also be off till September 6, however we do wish to hear from you and what you’d wish to learn extra about: europe.express@ft.com.

At present’s Europe Categorical group: martin.arnold@ft.com, sam.fleming@ft.com, david.hindley@ft.com, valentina.pop@ft.com. Comply with us on Twitter: @MAmdorsky, @Sam1Fleming, @valentinapop.

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